Definitions of Trauma
"Traumatic symptoms are not caused by the event itself. They arise when residual energy from the experience is not discharged from the body. This energy remains trapped in the nervous system where it can wear havoc on our bodies and minds."
"Trauma is a breech in the protective barrier against (over)stimulation, leading to overwhelming feelings of helplessness."
"Psychological trauma is the state of severe fright that we experience when we are confronted with a sudden, unexpected potentially life threatening event over which we have no control, and to which we are unable to respond effectively no matter how hard we try."
"Traumatic events are extraordinary, not because they are occur rarely, but rather because they overwhelm the ordinary human adaptations to life...the common denominator of trauma is a feeling of 'intense fear, helplessness, loss of control, and threat of annihilation.'"
Categories of Trauma
Global High Intensity Activation (GHIA)
Pre- and Perinatal Trauma
(Fetal distress, birth trauma, early surgeries)
Suffocation, Choking, Drowning
High Impact/Failure of Physical Defense
Acquired Brain Injuries
High Impact and Motor Vehicle Accidents (MVA)
Natural and Man-made Disasters
Torture, Ritual Abuse, War, Terrorism